There are a few different variations and most people will suffer from it at some stage of their life.
It is important to understand the physiology of the condition so you are armed with as much information as possible so you can get the clear skin you want.
What exactly is happening in my skin when I have acne?
Ok so acne is caused by many factors which combine to give us the dreaded spots which we all hate.
To start with we can blame Testosterone, this is an androgen hormone and it is linked with acne development. Its most often thought of as a male hormone, but women produce testosterone too, although in lesser amounts.
Testosterone in acne sufferers, through a complicated chain reaction, creates di-hydrotestosterone (DHT). DHT stimulates sebaceous glands to increase in size and produce four times the amount of sebum or oil. To boot this sebum is thicker and stickier and adheres to dead skin cells which can’t exfoliate off effectively this makes a perfect environment for the condition.
The blood in a person who suffers from acne has also been shown to be slightly acidic, this greatly influences the chemical ‘taste’ of the skin and therefore how attractive you skin will be for certain bacteria. The skin has been made into a perfect environment for the acne bacteria (p.acnes). There’s lots of food thanks to the excess sebum and dead skin cells and the climate thanks to the p.h of the skin is just perfect for them. It’s just like the bacteria have moved into a resort with all you can eat!
Now this bacteria would quite happily live on your skin munching on all the food your body provides it multiplying as it goes, but our skins bacteria is balanced like a garden and if there is too many weeds (bad bacteria) the gardeners get grumpy and want to rip the weeds out.
So what happens is our white blood cells are called in to clear away the acne bacteria which has been living in the sebaceous glands, a great big battle begins between the bacteria and the white blood cells which looks like redness and inflammation on the surface if the skin. Now as the battle continues soldiers (white blood cells) die as well as bacteria and as a parting shot like kamikazes they release digestive enzymes to further clear the infection.
Now this is all good if the war is contained within the sebaceous gland (which is actually located on the side of our hair follicles) but sometimes the infection will seep outside the boundaries of the follicle which means those digestive enzymes aren’t just taking out the bacteria but also the surrounding structures of the skin like our collagen and elastin which leads to scarring. The pus that you can actually see on the head of a pimple is a combination of those dead white blood cells, dead bacteria and digestive enzymes. The body naturally wants to purge this up and out onto the surface of the skin where it can do minimal damage.
This is the basic physiology of inflammatory acne.
But why me?
We can get acne during different phases of our life. As a teenager we get it due to puberty which kick starts our hormones into hyper drive which then has the knock on effect of the transformation of testosterone which is linked to acne.
In adult acne there is actually a genetic link which makes our body sensitive to normal testosterone which our body then changes to the de-hydrotestosterone. There is no link between adult acne and teenage acne and in fact most people will suffer from one or the other.
Some people can also develop acne due to other factors such as stress. Stress causes the body to release the hormone cortisol, an inflammatory hormone which is known to exacerbate acne.
Acne may also be seen in people whom have increased their muscle bulk. More muscle mass equals and increase in androgens which can lead to acne.
Diet can also play a huge role in the formation and inflammation of acne.
The main culprits are:
Dairy especially milk, this is because even when cow’s milk is pasteurized the hormones still remain which obviously will lead to an increase in acne.
Omega 6- We eat way too much omega6. The western diet has a ratio of 20 omega6 to 1 omega3! We should be aiming to get that ratio down to at least 4-1 or 1-1 if possible. This is because Omega 6 is denser and actually solidifies the cell membranes, it’s inflammatory and increases sebum production.
Omega 6 is found in these foods: Peanut butter and other nut butters. All cookies, cakes, commercial desserts. All commercial snacks, chips, popcorn.
Food which has a high glycaemic index. Eating refined carbohydrates (white bread, pasta, rice, flour etc) and sugar leads to a surge in insulin and an insulin-like growth factor called IGF-1. This in turn leads to an excess of androgens which can lead to acne.
So what can you do to tackle acne?
We at Facial Attraction believe a multi pronged attack is the best way to treat acne as it is caused by more than one factor. The first thing that needs to be done is to identify the causing factors which are contributing to your acne. We will do this during a consultation where we can physically asses your skin and discuss various lifestyle and environmental factors.
We then need to address your diet and discuss the Facial Attraction Skin Cleansing Diet as well as recommending any suppliments, probiotics and blood alkalising techniques if necessary.
The next thing that needs to be done is to put you onto a personalised home care prescription containing products that can actually shrink the sebaceous gland, regulate sebum production and prepare the skin for in clinic treatments.
The next tool we use is our in clinic treatments which are very effective at reducing acne and supplement/boost the home care prescriptive you use very day. We can combine the prescriptive and in clinic treatments into a tailored package.
The last thing that you receive is our support throughout the duration of your treatments and beyond. Our method is not a ‘quick fix ’ (no such thing for acne) and it requires your commitment to stick to our program. You have the wealth of all of our experience in treating acne at your disposal as well as our passion and dedication to clearing your skin. So if you have acne and want to clear it come in and speak to us and we can start you on the path to long term clear skin!
Osmosis Acne Skincare (Product Range)
100% natural, no preservatives, colours, or fragrances
The best way to reduce oil and/or bacterial overgrowth is to target oil glands with ingredients that do not traumatize the skin.
Acne sufferers already have scar-prone skin because of all the inflammation so overly aggressive treatments will worsen their acne scarring.
Acneic skin is constantly attempting to repair itself as most blemishes leave residual scar tissue. The combination of treating acne while repairing acne scarring just makes sense.
Osmosis unique formula stimulates capillary flow (blood supply), thus feeding the skin its essential nutrients while stimulating fibroblasts for remodelling with Retinaldehyde-liposome.
In fact, all of the active ingredients are liposome-coated to penetrate into the skin and through the sebum more effectively. Liposomes have also been shown to reduce oil production and acne by as much as 70% in one month.
Retinaldehyde-liposome is the ideal choice for the following reasons; it is readily absorbed by the skin and follicle. Secondly it does not over-stimulate like Retin A which results in redness and irritation, and lastly, it is approximately 500 times stronger than Retinol and equally as strong as Retin A without irritation.
*Osmosis Acne Kits are exclusively available from the Facial Attraction,speak with one of our clinicians at a clinic near you.
Microdermabrasion is a non-invasive, gentle process of using crystals accelerated onto the skin’s surface to abrade layers of dead and damaged skin cells. Microdermabrasion is useful for decongesting skin with open pores from excess oil & bacteria, promoting an even and clearer complexion, by smoothing pigmentation and acne scarring.
100% natural, no preservatives, colours, or fragrances
Overall, we are creating a healthier skin, which is free from sebum build-up and more lustrous. You will
see a difference in the texture of the skin immediately.
The Osmosis Organic Medi-Facial system addresses: Acne, Hyperpigmentation, Rosacea and Sun Damage along with most other skin conditions.
Medicated Acne Facial
This is one of our signature treatments, for which we are renowned!
One of the best & most effective acne treatment facials you will ever experience. Expect intense steam exfoliation, lots of extractions, 2 different masques and highly effective, active ingredients. We guarantee this acne facial is like no other. View Medi-Facial Treatments.
LED (Light Emitting Diode) Therapy
Specific wavelengths of light target certain cells and bio-molecules within the skin’s cellular matrix to achieve its desired therapeutic effects.
LED is calming, soothing and anti-inflammatory, aids in intercellular communication, and is a purifying antibacterial. This treatment helps reduce capillaries and rosacea, melasma, and treats clear blemished or acne prone skin.
This LED technology is relaxing and non-thermal – it also has no side effects. It is particularly suitable for facial applications such as: skin rejuvenation, wrinkle reduction, and acne treatment. Amazing results can be achieved when combined with microdermabrasion.
Acne Blue Light SIPL
At Facial Attraction we take a multifaceted approach to the acne treatment. Depending on your personal history, specific needs and the history of your acne condition, we may recommend Blue Light Therapy to regulate your sebaceaous (oil) gland activity and kill p.acne bacteria.
This acne treatment may be beneficial as a stand alone treatment or used in conjunction with other treatments. Treating acne with pulsed light can deliver better aesthetic results, especially on inflammatory acne, without the side effects associated with topical and oral acne medications.